Sumer Decoded



Sumer is said to be the oldest known civilization. So where does a person start when studying Sumer?

This website will start with a map.

When you discover that Ethiopia was a "Greater Ethiopia" thousands of years ago,
then Sumerians literally had African Kingdoms on their doorstep. Sumer had ancient African neighbours.
So Sumerians probably had African lineage. [Sumerians were probably descendants of Africans from Havilah or Raamah cultures.]


[This "genesis map" is based upon analysis of Genesis 2:10-14 and Genesis 10:6-12 ].
Some "satellite archaeology" information is also used to locate ancient river systems.

To note:
1.The Genesis map (aethiopia.jpg) corresponds approximately to what archaeologists call an
"Afro-Arabian Cultural Complex" (AACC) in Western Arabia and Southern Arabia.
i.e An Afro-Arabian Cultural Complex,Sabir/Sabr culture, etc.


2.The Genesis map suggests that the AACC also had control of ancient river systems that are now extinct.
This is possibly something that archaeologists have yet to discover.

i.e. 2A: That Havilah existed as a culture based around the Gihon river,
and that the Havilah culture died when the Gihon river became extinct.

2B: That Raamah culture existed and possibly controlled rivers that flowed
into the Rub Al Khali region,and Sumerian homeland.
So Raamah culture possibly contributed to the beginnings of the Sumerian nation.
Raamah culture died when the Rub Al Khali region became a desert.



This information can be considered as a more recent "Out of Africa" migration.
But it is an "Out of Africa" migration that caucasian scientists don't want to discuss openly.

To understand Sumer, you need to consider the existence of an empire more ancient than Sumerian civilization.
Whether that Empire became a "civilization" or remained an "advanced culture" is not known.

[i.e. The cities of Sumer have names which are not Sumerian.The cities
of Sumer were founded by nation(s) more ancient than the Sumerians.]

People could consider that Ancient Ethiopia was an empire older than both Sumerian and Egyptian civilizations:
that Ethiopia's prehistory was very long..
1.Ethiopia has a very ancient prehistory involving large African migrations into Asia,and prehistoric empires.
2.Ethiopian cultures in Asia eventually collapsed under the pressure of desertification,Sumerian invasion/migration,
Egyptian domination, and various nomadic invasions.


Ancient Ethiopia was an important connection between Sumer and Egypt.



Question: Where is the evidence for an empire older than Egypt and Sumer?

Brief Answer: Names of Sumerian cities are older than Sumer,bible traditions suggest an empire older than Sumer,
other oral traditions and documents from the Fertile Crescent suggest an empire older than Sumer,Sumerian King List suggests
king(s) older than Sumer,extinct river systems that are now desert may yield artifacts if excavated archaeologically,
data about ancient skeletons from the fertile crescent need to be reexamined:especially the many "dolicocephalic","prognathous","platyrrhine"
skeletons(skulls) which could be interpreted as african or descendants of africans,some of the genetic haplogroups such as E1b1b that scientists
label "middle eastern" could bereinterpreted as "african nations in the middle east that disappeared". (i.e. interbred and disappeared.)





 



 

[Contents]
 
1. ETHIOPIAN ARABIA: the secret connection between Sumer and ancient Egypt [click]
1B. EVIDENCE OF AFRICAN POPULATIONS MIGRATING INTO ARABIA [click]
[African populations were able to migrate into western Arabia across the Red Sea.
Africans followed ancient rivers to reach the Persian Gulf and establish the lost kingdom of Havilah.
Such rivers are now extinct in Arabia,but they can be traced from wadis and satellite archaeology.]
1C. EVIDENCE OF AFRICANS IN MESOPOTAMIA [click]
Question: Where is the evidence of Africans in Mesopotamia?
Answer: The Sumerians could be considered a Eur-African race in Southern Mesopotamia.
That suggests that Black African populations once existed somewhere nearby Mesopotamia (probably in Arabia).
And it suggests Sumerian civilization itself brought African influences into Mesopotamia,if they were not already there.

 
2. SUMERIAN ETHNIC IDENTITY [click]
2B. EXTINCT RACES AND RACIAL REALITY [click]
[It is probable that Sumerians had an African lineage because they associated humanity with black colour (not white).
Sumerians had an "Eurafrican mulatto" appearance, even if they were not considered mulattos.
Sumerians defy racial classification.Mulatto physical features do not fit into any modern racial category because they appear as mixture of racial traits.
Here is proposed that Sumerians could be newly classified as "Brown Negroids",so as to oppose the lie that Sumerians were Caucasian. ]
2C. ANCIENT & MODERN CLASSIFICATION OF NATIONS (1.diagrams) [click]
[European scientists have tried to destroy the word "Hamite" by falsely defining it to mean Caucasoid.
Here is proposed that the word Hamite should be understood to mean Negroid.
When the word Hamite is used here, it is in the sense of "biblical Hamite"(Negroid).]
2D. ANCIENT & MODERN CLASSIFICATION OF NATIONS (2.conclusion) [click]
Sumer could be described as a Hamitic(Negroid) civilization.]
2E. THE INVENTIVENESS OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS [click]
[ If Sumerians and Ancient Egyptians were inventive, it is not because they absorbed some caucasoid genetics.
Instead,the mulatto appearance of Sumerians and Ancient Egyptians might be connected with "hybrid vigour"(Heterosis).
Perhaps their hybrid appearance was connected to their energy and creativeness to found the most ancient civilizations.]
2F. CAN THE SUMERIAN CHANGE HIS SKIN ? [click]
[A concise answer to questions about Sumerian ethnicity.]
2G. Ancient Egyptian identity: North Africans/brown negroids - negroid appearance(phenotypes) and some individuals with dormant caucasian blood lines. [click]
[People who try to ethnically/racially classify ancient Egyptians might consider a documentary "The Human Family Tree" (National Geographic).
Such a documentary mentions a man named David: a man with African appearance(phenotype) and Caucasian bloodlines.]

 
2H. Eurasian Backflow Theory is consistent with expansion and contraction of a Greater Ethiopia/Ancient Ethiopia [click]
 
3. SUMERIAN LANGUAGE(1): Afro-Scythic paleolithic language. [click]
[Sumerian influenced by African and Scythian languages.
Sumerian language analysis as evidence of ancient Ethiopian Empire(s).]
3B. SUMERIAN LANGUAGE(2): Stone age Creole/Pidgin of the ancient Kish Empire. [click]
["And the whole earth was of one language" (Genesis 11:1).
Sumerian language unified many ancient nations.It was the lingua franca of the fertile crescent.
But was Ubaid culture a first attempt to unify nations?
3C. SUMERIAN LANGUAGE AND SAHEL CULTURE. [click]
[The Sahel is a region between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan Africa.It runs from West Africa
to East Africa. Archaeology suggests the Sahel region of Africa had links with the Middle-East
over thousands of years.]
3D. SUMERIAN TRANSLATION PAGE [click]
[ What did Sumerian language look like when written?
What did Sumerian language sound like when spoken?]
3E. ALTAIC SCYTHIA and SUMER: [click]
[Here is posited that the advanced cultures in ancient Scythia were Mongoloid not Caucasoid.(Eurasian not Indo-European)
i.e. Oxus River culture probably had dominant Altaic influences,as is now emerging from DNA analysis of the nearby Tocharian culture.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/kristinakillgrove/2015/07/18/these-red-haired-chinese-mummies-come-from-all-over-eurasia-dna-reveals/
Both Oxus River culture and Tocharians were probably connected to the Lop Nor ancient trade centre.]

 
4. SUMERIAN KING LIST: Etana of Kish(Nimrod) [click]
4B. Etana the Founder of Kish [click]
[Etana as Nimrod and Enoch in the bible.
Revision of bibilical flood chronology.
Why Nimrod was not Sargon of Akkad.]
5.ANCIENT ETHIOPIAN RELIGION,Natufian Culture and Stone Temple religion of Gobeklii Tepe. [click]
[Hunter-gatherer religion and the religion of the great hunter.
Connections between Gobeklii Tepe in Turkey and the Nimrod religion of Mesopotamia.]
5B. ANCIENT RELIGION: The Sacrifice system. [click]
5C. ANCIENT RELIGION: Nimrod Religion is NOT Molech Worship
NIMROD RELIGION IS NOT MOLECH WORSHIP.
Nimrod religion vcould be described as a godly religionof worshipping the creator in times before writing existed. Thousands of years before the bible was written.
i.e. Ancient people marvelling at the heavens and worshipping a God(s) who they believed created the heavens, but people had no bible,
so they worshipped the creator in whatever ways were possible and appropriate for them thousands of years ago.
MOLECH WORSHIP IS A PERVERSE COUNTERFEIT OF THE NIMROD RELIGION .
Nimrod Religion was a religion of people coming together in cooperative groups,building structures,humans trying to keeping nature in balance,and worshipping a God(s) who created nature in such seeming balance.
Nimrod religion was a religious revolution that probably encouraged people to sacrifice animals to God(s) rather than sacrificing humans.
Molech Worship is different.Molech worship involves human sacrifice.
Molech worship is the religion of killing the Nimrod King: the Nimrod king being symbolised by a horned animal which is ritually sacrificed (horned bull,ram,horned owl,etc).

 
6. UBAID CULTURE: Before the Sumerians [click]
[Is Ubaid culture really Nimrod culture? Does Ubaid culture correspond to the Nimrod Kingdom?
Ubaid Culture spread from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.
Was Ubaid culture the remnants of a diverse religio-political empire
that began in promise but became dispersed?]

 
6B. UBAID CULTURE ORIGINS: its possible Sahel and Dead Sea connections. [click]
[Here is postulated that Ubaidian culture was formed from interaction between Sahel and Dead Sea cultures.
i.e. The origins of Ubaid Culture might be from the African Sahel(Cushites) and Dead Sea techno-complex(Proto-Canaanites).]

 
7. ORIGIN OF THE SUMERIANS [click]
[Noone has found the homeland of the Sumerians because their homeland was flooded by sea.
Sumerians had their origin in the Persian Gulf Basin when it was dry land.
That forgotten land was an ancient trade centre.]
7B. THE MEANING OF EDEN [click]
8. WAS ANCIENT ETHIOPIA THE TRUE ATLANTIS ? [click]












Sumerian speaking populations associated with:
Arabian bifacial culture,"hunter and fisher peoples",
Eastern Arabia littoral region.
[note that Arabian Bifacial Culture were "pre-Arab" people, not Arabs.
Here is suggested that A.B. Culture were probably Eur-Africans.]

African speaking populations associated with:
Afro-arabian cultural complex on both sides of the Red Sea.



[General Information - added 03/02/2017]
1)See Journal paper(s) by anthropologist C.L. Brace for information about Natufians having negroid physical traits.


2) The archaeological site being labelled as Tartessos in CadizSpain (possibly biblical Tarshish,Tartarus)
might be an ancient Ethiopian colony, not the location of Atlantis.
i.e. see documentaries such as "Finding Atlantis" and "Atlantis Found"
i.e. The real Atlantis is probably ancient Ethiopia.
see URL http://www.sumerdecoded.com/african_arabia/was_ancient_ethiopia_the_true_atlantis.txt
Ancient Ethiopia was probably a Sea Power, given that it extended across the Red Sea and Bab-Al-Mandeb strait.
So it is possible that Tartessos was the furthest Ethiopian colony to the west.
Ancient Sea voyages from Ethiopia to Tartessos would have possible by sailing near shorelines,
around the coastlines of the Mediterranean Sea and outside the Straits of Gibraltar on to the Atlantic Shorelines of Europe and Africa.

Plato is his legend about Atlantis probably confused the location of [a colony of Ancient Ethiopia in Spain] with the location of [Ancient Ethiopia].
The sources that Plato used for his legend for Atlantis possibly gave the western extent of Atlantis sea empire from Ethiopian Arabia to
Spain (outside the pillars of Hercules[Straits of Gibraltar]) and Plato accidentally or deliberately chose the western side of the Atlantis Sea Empire
in Spain instead of Ethiopia. i.e. The real location of Atlantis homeland being the eastern side of the Sea Empire in Ethiopian Arabia.

The Ethiopian sea colony of Tartessos probably became an Phoenician(Canaanite) port city thousands of years later.

See Isaiah 66: 19 which mentions "Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow" . The mention of Bows sounds very Ethiopian.
In Egyptian writing and artwork Ethiopians were famous for their skill with bows.
And the Egyptian Nome(province) which is closest to Ethiopia is called "Ta-Seti" or "land of the bow".
Some lines of research might suggest that Ta-Seti was part of ancient Ethiopia ,and later became an Egyptian Nome(province).

3)See also book(Black Sumer) and interview(s) of author Hermel Hermstein for theories about migrations of Africans
through the African Sahel into Arabia.

[General Information - added 11/02/2017]
4)Archaeologists concede that Egypt and Ancient Ethiopia had a "shared history".
See documentary "The Black Pharaohs".

5)Natufian culture emerged in North Africa/Western Fertile crescent/Levant around the same time that Jomon and Chinook Culture emerged elsewhere.
There is possibly a submerged landmass between Japan and East Asian mainland that corresponds to the ancient trade centre of Jomon Culture.
[See information also other submerged landmasses such as Doggerland between Britain and the north west of European continent.]

6) The submerged landmass of Beringia and dry landmass of Death Valley might correspond to the ancient trade centres of the Chinook Culture.


[General Information - added 19/02/2017]
7) In the biblical genealogies, there is a possibility that Abraham (and his 2 sons Isaac,Ishmael) corresponds to Eber (and his 2 sons Joktan,Peleg) .
The biblical names Eber and the Abraham(Ebrahim) sound similar. Eber is significant because Semitic nations such as the Hebrews derives their national name from Eber.
The Genealogical line from Arphaxad to Abraham is overlong and probably goes in circles.Such errors in genealogy are probably something that happens when a nation
such as the Hebrews originally relied on oral traditions and later acquired the ability to write from older cultures such as Canaanite civilization.
The Hebrew Alphabet is derived from older alphabet used by Canaanite civilization which archaeologists label the Western Semitic alphabet.
See information elsewhere on this website about both Western Semitic and Eastern Semitic languages being of African origin.

The sons of Joktan are probably Arab tribes, so when Arabic people say they are descended from Ishmael, this possibly means the same as the sons of Joktan.

8)added 28/05/2017

This belief was possibly based on the stone age religion of the great hunter Orion who is struck down by the snake
but is destined to be resurrected.(Genesis 3:15)
[later cultures corrupted this story so that Orion is struck down by a scorpion.]...

Further information:

In modern astronomy, Lepus the Hare is the constellation below the feet of Orion.

However, in ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Persia,the constellation of Lepus is associated with a serpent.
i.e. An eagle grasping a serpent.

Eagles/Vultures are ancient symbols found in places such as Catal Huyuk and Gobeklii Tepe.
Eagles/Vultures probably represent the soul travelling to the afterlife or heaven.
Symbols of Eagles/Vultures are possibly connected with memories of The Cygnus constellation having been located at the north pole during the stone age.
Due to the planetary phenomenon of precession, over thousands of years ancient people every night watched the constellation of Cygnus
circle the north pole like a bird circling in the sky.

A symbol of an eagle overcoming a serpent is probably connected with stone age religion of the human soul overcoming death, and being reborn.

In Sumerian writings, imagery of the eagle overcoming the serpent is part of the story of Etana. Etana is the most ancient Kings in the Sumerian King List.
Etana is said to ascend to heaven on the wings of an eagle.
Etana probably corresponds to Nimrod mentioned in the christian bible.

Also, the names of the stars in the Lepus constellation suggest it is constellation associated with a villainous character corresponding the serpent in the bible.
The star Arnebo means 'the enemy of him that cometh'. i.e. The enemy of the messiah.
The star Sugia means 'the deceiver'.


[added 10/10/2017]

9)The great Sphinx in Saqqara might be thousands of years older than the pyramids, in the sense that head of the sphinx might have originally been a yardang or rock shaped by wind erosion.
Yardangs sometimes look like ancient buildings/statues but they are natural formations.
Perhaps thousands of years before the pyramids, that yardang was carved into a head of a lion.
Then during the pyramid building age, maybe the head of lion was so badly eroded that the ancient egyptians decided to recarve it into the head of a pharaoh.
Also,perhaps they decided to carve a body for it, by cutting into the rock layers of the Saqqara plateau.
So the body of the sphinx is the same age as the pyramids, but the head of the sphinx might be thousands of years older.
Saqqara might have been a religious centre with a carved lion's head thousands of years before the pyramids.
[The way that pyramid causeway(s) are built to pass close the sphinx but avoid the sphinx might suggest that the sphinx was existing in some form before the pyramids.

i.e. The way that pyramid causeway(s) at Saqqara are built at a non-rightangle might suggest that the sphinx was existing in some form before the pyramids. ]

If stone temples were being built in the northern part of the fertile crescent by the Natufian culture,
then similar stone building projects were probably occuring in southern parts of the Fertile Crescent such as Saqqara by different culture(s)
In Gobeklii Tepe, the stone temples were buried and survived thousands of years under the soil.
In Saqqara, people didn't bury their stone buildings.In Saqqara, the stone temples kept upgrading over thousands of years until they became the Sphinx, the Sphinx Temple,the Osirion, and the Pyramids.

10) During the documentary "Cradle of the Gods" about Gobeklii Tepe, there is a face mask that looks brachycephalic.
The author(s) of this website would suggests that is a "stylised" carved face, so it does not realistically represent the faces of Natufians builders of Gobecklii Tepe. Maybe it represents something like a face with a long beard.
12,000 years ago, humans probably did not have brachycephalic faces.The Natufian builders of Gobeklii Tepe had dolicocephalic faces.
If carved faces look brachycephalic maybe they represented faces with long beards.

See also a similar looking face mask found at Abydos in ancient Egypt from around [5000] years ago.{Not 500 years ago}
[Documentary: "Egypt Unwrapped - Part 1 - The Scorpion King". In the documentary there is a face mask that looks brachycephalic, but the ancient egyptians were dolicocephalic]

[added 29/10/2017]
Summary::
During the 1990s, rumours about a discovery of a 12000 year old structures(Gobeklii Tepe) were possibly circulating among groups of Germanic racists and Ku Klux Klan ,
then Robert Schoch and John Anthony West got the idea to start telling lies that the Ancient Egyptian Sphinx is 12000 years old instead of about 4500 years old.


Longer description::
The author(s) of this website would like to mention something about an "Ancient Aryan agenda" during the 1990s which is connected to "Ancient Alien agenda" popularised by Germanic/Scandinavian writers such as Erich Von Daniken.
Von Daniken's books became famous in the 1970s and afterward in connection with the "new age" movement.Von Daniken's books popularised the idea of "Ancient Aliens".

It might be noted that the supporters of "ancient aliens" hypotheses are invariably racists who want to consider Africans as incapable of creating civilizations,
so they write books whose purpose it is to make the African origin of civilization into a "falsely unsolvable mystery",
so as to then hypothesise that visitors from space created the first civilizations.
[The supporters of "ancient aliens" hypotheses are invariably racists, and people corrupted by racists...people who are gave hoped over decades that evidence of ancient Aryan civilization would be found.
Such people use coded language and mention "ancient alien" sources of civilization openly, but secretly they have put hope in the discovery of "ancient aryan" sources of civilization.
However, no ancient Aryan sources of civilization have been found. Aryan civilizations occur much later in the archaeological time-lines, so Aryan civilizations are not ancient.

Von Daniken and similar authors are people who make money by writing books containing false theories, and then selling them to as many people as possible.
After writing books with false theories, they make even more money by publicly speaking to groups of people who have an interest in their books.
[People who, for whatever reason, might want to know what Erich Von Daniken wrote in his books could save money by visiting public libraries, instead of buying his books.]

Later, during the 1990s, names such as Robert Schoch and John Anthony West became mentioned in the media in connection with suggestions that the Sphinx might be approximately 12,000 years old,
instead of the same age as the Pyramids 4500 years old.
[John Anthony West is a supporter of the writings of a racist author called Schwaller de Lubicz]
The author(s) of this website have reason to believe that Schoch and West got ideas about telling lies about the antiquity of the Sphinx from rumours
about Gobeklii Tepe that were circulating during the 1990s secretly among groups of Germanic racists.
Rumours about a discovery of a 12000 year old structures were possibly circulating among groups of Germanic racists and Ku Klux Klan , then Schoch and West got the idea to start telling lies that the
Ancient Egyptian Sphinx is 12000 years old instead of about 4500 years old.

15/05/2018:000
john Anthony West might be a relative of Alan Sparkl from Sydney Australia.
15/05/2018:001
Various pieces of information that possibly allow a deciphering who the biblical Abraham was:

The author(s) of this website think that patriarch Abraham was a way to remember Hammurabi: a way for the ancestors of Hebrews to express that Hebrews(Semites) consider themselves the offspring of the Amorite(Hamite) lawgiver Hammurabi.
Stories about Abraham were oral traditions going back to around 1800 B.C. . Sumer collapsed around 2000 B.C. and then the Amorite nation became dominant in Babylon (considered by western archaeologists as the Old-Babylonian empire).
Hammurabi was the most prominent of the Amorite Kings of Babylon.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Siddim
The Pishon River was a short-cut for between Babylon and Canaan in Genesis 14 . Pishon River = modern "Wadi Al-Batin" extinct river system.
In The bible records an attempted invasion of Canaan by Hammurabi and his allies , via the Pishon River system.
The Pishon River was drying up, or dried up, becoming an extinct river system.

Hammurrabi perhaps was trying to invade Canaan, or maybe he was making war with the ancient trade centre of the Dead Sea.
Perhaps a nation known as the [Rephaim] /[Sons of Anak]/[Anakim] were inhabiting that Dead Sea ancient trade centre.

Amraphel king of Shinar Hammurabi (="Ammurapi") king of Babylonia
Arioch king of Ellasar Eri-aku king of Larsa
Chedorlaomer king of Elam (= Chodollogomor in the LXX) Kudur-Lagamar king of Elam
Tidal, king of nations (i.e. goyim, lit. 'nations') Tudhulu, son of Gazza/>

The bible calls Hammurabbi the lawgiver by several names: Amraphel, Abraham, Moses .
The oral traditions probably confused the names and were later written down.

See also Rev 16:12: About the Euphrates river drying up to make way for the Kings of the East.
The verse in Revelation might be based upon an oral tradition about Hammurabi using the dried up Pishon River System as a way to invade Canaan.

The story about Hebrew being slaves in Egypt is probably false. Such stories about Semites in Egypt are probably traditions of the Hyksos invasion and expulsion from Egypt around 1600 B.C.
The Hyksos were possibly the racial allies of the Hebrews.

Hebrews were probably a semitic nation that migrated from Haran Syria into or around the Zagros mountains and became vassals of the Old-Babylonian empire of Hammurabi(Amorite,Hamite).
According to the bible, Abraham comes from Ur of the Chaldees (Chaldaens,Babylonians). Ur used to be a Sumerian City, but later it became an Old-Babylonian city.
The Hebrews possibly came into contact with Medes and Persians along the migration route through Zagros Mountains or western Persia.So Hebrews and Persians are ancient allies of each other.

According to the bible, the homeland of Abraham is tUr of the Chaldees.However, fertile crescent oral traditions suggest the Haran in Syria is the real homeland of Abraham.
So Abraham seems to have 2 homelands.

Some time after becoming vassals of Hammurabbi, the Hebrews began travelling into the Pishon River system, and eventually they found the land of Canaan.
It is possible that Hammurabi had something to do with migration-invasion of Canaan, along with the violent conquest recorded in Genesis 14.

When the Hebrews found the land of Canaan via the Pishon River system, maybe they also found the Hyksos descendants who had been expelled from Egypt.
Perhaps some oral traditions about Hammurabbi became associated with the name Moses after the Hebrews became allied with the Hyksos descendants.
Moses might be Hyksos memory of Hammurrabi & old Babylon, which the Hebrews later remembered and wrote down in the bible.

There are mysterious characters in the bible which might be Hyksos cammanders during the conquest of Canaan by the Hebrews.
The "Comamader of the Armies of the Lord" in the bible book of Joshua chapters 5 and 6 might be a Hyksos commander.
Question: Was the conquest of Canaan really a conquest, or was it more like an migration-invasion over a period of centuries?

The name Eber and Abraham sound similar.
It is possible that Eber is the name of the a hebrew ancestor around the time of Hammurrabi that was a hebrew vassal leader(Semite) under the rulership of the Babylonian Hammurabi(Hamite).
So maybe Eber was similar to a lesser law-giver, who based his teachings upon the greater law-giver Hammurabi.
Eber is considered the ancestor/patriarch that gave his name to the Hebrew nation.

Arabs also seem to have traditions about Abraham, and being descended from Hagar the Egyptian.
Maybe Hagar was a Hyksos descendant who was expelled from Egypt.
The Bible/old testament possibly suggests that Arabs are descended from the patriarch Joktan, not Eber .
Is Joktan the Arab Abraham ?

Note also, that for some decades, the Babylonian Hammurabi was considered the first law giver in fertile crescent. However in more times, an earlier law code of Sumerian king Ur-Nammu has been discovered.
Quesrtion: When the bible says that Abraham comes from Ur , is the bible hinting that the oral traditions knew of an earlier law giver than Hammurabi?
However, because the bible writers were semites, they probably would not name Ur-Nammu if they knew about him, and so probably considered Hammurabi as the first law giver.
 
[04/12/2018:000]

Stories about "Angels with Wings" in the Bible and Fertile Crescent traditions are possily based upon ancient people discovering the rib cages of Neanderthals.
Ancient people saw that Neanderthal skeletons looked humanoid but had very different rib cages that looked like 2 wings.
Wings nearby each other at the top of the torso, widening out toward the base of the torso.
Ancient people reasoned that God created another kind of beings, similar to humans, but with wings.

Maybe Neanderthal skeletons were most frequently found in ancient trade centres, such as the Dead Sea/Vale of Siddim.

The connection between Neanderthal ribs/rib cages and angel traditions is possibly encoded in stories about Eve being created from Adam's Rib in the Garden of Eden.
The Garden of Eden was a place guarded by Angels(Genesis 3:24), and where God walked with mankind, or near mankind (Genesis 3:8) .
Compare with the "Ain Dara temple" in Syria, where ancient people worshipped a god that left huge footprints. 1 metre long footprints .

[Ancient people in the fertile crescent were worshipping gods that they could not see directly,
but who left signs of their presence in the heavens (constellations) and who left signs in the earth (fossilized footprints) .]

...The connection between Neanderthal ribs/rib cages and angel traditions is possibly encoded in stories about Eve being created from Adam's Rib in the Garden of Eden...
Perhaps there are less known variations of such stories, in which man was created from the ribs/wings of angels.





[04/12/2018:001]
"Hagar the Egyptian" was possibly a Semitic Hyksos woman whose Semitic people were expelled from Egypt.
The Hyksos invaded Egypt, and were expelled from Egypt about a century later.

Because Hagar was a Hyksos Semite, not an Ancient Egyptian, that is why she so easily allied with Abraham
(Genesis 16:1-15 , Genesis 25:12 )
The story of Hagar is closely connected to origin of the Hebrews and Arabs.
So Arabs and Hebrews are not biologically descended from the Ancient Egyptians.
Hebrews and Arabs might be biologically descended from Semitic tribes intermarrying with the Hyksos Semites who were expelled from Egypt.

The story of Hagar is probably also connected with the patriarch Eber and his two sons Peleg and Joktan.
[Eber=Abraham? , Peleg=Isaac? , Joktan=Ishmael. Genesis 10 maybe is patriarchal viewpoint . Genesis 16 maybe is matriarchal viewpoint .
When the bible writers say that the earth became divided in those times, maybe a major division/separation occurred between Semitic tribes(Isaac, Ishmael).
Peleg possily went to the Levant with Hammurabi-UrNammu religion, while Joktan was sent maybe into the desert region between Dedan(Midian) and Havilah with Hyksos-AncientEgyptian religion. (Genesis 25:18)
The group in the Levant would centuries later become the religion of Judaism (1000 B.C. ? 500 B.C. ?) ,
and then later the religion of Islam emerged from the group sent into the desert between Dedan and Havilah.(600 A.D. ? )
Note that Judaism evolved over a period of centuries from polytheism/monolatry to monotheism. Early Judaism was polytheism/monolatry.
In Early Judaism Yahweh(Jehovah) had a wife called Asherah, similar to Canaanite religions of El & Baal. Judaism became monotheistic only after the Babylonian exile.]


Ishmael is described as a like a "wild donkey" (Genesis 16:12 ) . When the Hyksos were in Egypt, they most easily followed the god Set/Sutekh.
Set is associated with donkeys. The representation of the god Set in Ancient Egyptian artwork ("the set animal") is possibly like a donkey with a broken jaw/broken snout (unusually curved jaw/snout,
Inverted donkey jaw? )
Hence, the bible is possibly hinting that Ishmael had a Hyksos mother Hagar that worshipped Set .

Also, stories such as Samson killing 1000 men (Genesis 15:15-16), are probably based upon legends of the Ancient Egyptian god "Set" who had great strength, like the strength of a donkey.
[source: "Seth, God of Confusion: A Study of His Role in Egyptian Mythology and Religion" by Herman te Velde]


[04/12/2018:002]
Stories about giants (nephilim) are probably stories about the constellations: such as Orion Constellation.The constellations are gigantic. Orion is like a gigantic man in the heavens.
And they might be simultaneously based upon finding giantic footprints of dinosaurs fossilised in rocks, which they thought were primordial dragons/primordial serpents
such as Tiamat,Rechab the Stormer(Rechab the Proud), Tehomot , Mot , and the snake of Eden .

Ancient people in the fertile crescent were worshipping gods that they could not see directly,
but who left signs of their presence in the heavens (constellations) and who left signs in the earth (fossilized footprints) .
[Similar to how in later times, Scandinavian Vikings thought that thunder is the god Thor throwing his hammer. Thor cannot be seen throwing his hammer, but Thor can be heard as thunder.]

[04/12/2018:003]
Shem means "Name" . compare the word Hashem "The Name" . (Genesis 5:32).
Shem possibly is a concept of Name & Language.
When Adam names things in the arden of Eden , he is using language. (Genesis 2:20)

Shem has language that is African language, but Shem is caucasian race.
Semitic language is African language(Natufian) spoken by people of caucasian race, <---Semitic: African language spoken by people who are racailly Caucasian.
compared to Natufian language groups such as Canaanite/Ugaritic,Ancient Egyptian,Berber <---Hamitic: African language spoken by people who are racially African.

So, originally,the Semitic Shem had his African language and his tents.
Hamitic nations had their cities. Ham was more technologically advanced than Shem.

The culture of the Semitic Shem was to use his African language as a way to:
-befriend Hamitic nations,
-initiate migration invasions against Hamitic nations.
-take over he cities (city-states) of Hamitic nations.

(a process of calling Ham a brother,enslaving Ham,stealing what Ham owned . )

The bible gives hints about the meaning of Shem, in the way that descendants of Shem are deliberately named with the same names as descendant of Ham.
Havilah was descendant of Ham.
Later, a descandant of Shem called "Havilah" occurs in the bible. The bible hints that the Hamitic nation of Havilah has become a Semitic nation. The Semites have conquered Havilah.
Lud was descendant of Ham. <---Lud=Lydia
Later, a descandant of Shem called "Lud" occurs in the bible. The bible hints that the Hamitic nation of Lud has become a Semitic nation. The Semites have conquered Lud (Lydia).

To understand the meaning of the name Shem is a way to understand Genesis 9:27

[Moral: If you are a person of African descent and seek to keep your culture, seek to keep things that you own,
resist Semitic language influences, resist Semitic culture.
To say this is NOT racist, is NOT anti-semitic . To describe this information is to express concerns about Semitic racism.
 
[late december 2018]


atlantis_and_atlas_mountains_advanced_culture__sea_colonies_of_ancient_ethiopia.jpg
[April 2019]


plumes_of_amun_older_than_the_10_commandments_of_moses.jpg

The biblical verses stated are relevant to concepts "seal of god"(salvation) and the "mark of the beast"(damnation).

Perhaps the "Seal of God" has to do with the light of knowledge that brings some people out of ignorance.
Perhaps the "Mark of the Beast"(Beast system) has to do with the majority of people who remain in their ignorance.
Matthew 7:13-14



12_07_2019_sahel_natufian_jomon_shinook_similarities__possible_solution.jpg

 

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[Theories about: Atlantis in Tunisia, Atlantis in Algeria , Atlantis in Morocco
Suggest that: Atlantis stories corresponds to the Atlas Mountains which run through all 3 countries.]



-Albert Herrmann(1920’s )[propsosed Tunisia] as holding the location of Plato’s Atlantis, at a dried up saltwater lake known today as Chott el Djerid and was, according to Herrmann, previously called Lake Tritonis

-Dr Paul Borchardt(around 1920s,German,archaeologist,Topography geologist?) favoured a site near the Gulf of Gabés, off Tunisia, as the location of Atlantis.
He [mentioned] that Shott el Jerid had also been known locally as Bahr Atala or Sea of Atlas.
[http://atlantipedia.ie/samples/tunisia/]

---

News story:"Was Sardinia home to the mythical civilisation of Atlantis?"
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/aug/15/bronze-age-sardinia-archaeology-atlantis

---

Note: Canary Islands are east of the Atlas Mountains.
(Canary Islands are politically a colony of Spain, but are geographically African, historically African ]


A study of the genealogies in Genesis 10 and comparison with the Greek genealogies of Titans,
suggest a correspondence between:
- Peleg and brother Joktan.
- 12 titans and 12 sons of Joktan

[The Titans are Saturnine(the sons of Saturn/Kronos are probably something more ancient than European culture, more ancient that Semitic culture.
The sons of Saturn are probably the first civilisations, civilisations of African origin that brought order out of chaos.
The sons of Jupiter/Zeus are probably the sons of Japheth.

The bible writers tried to make Peleg the brother of Joktan (similar how the bible writers tried to make the African Ham a brother of the Caucasians Japheth and Shem).

Peleg is probably African(like Ham) and the father of many sons(as Cush was the father of many sons:6 sons , Genesis 10:7).
The suggestions measurement/division in the bible verse about Peleg might be also suggest a racial division occurred among humanity.
[i.e. a racial division between Peleg and Joktan].

Peleg probably corresponds to Saturn(Kronos) and his sons.
Joktan probably corresponds to Jupiter(Zeus) and his sons.
Jupiter(Zeus) is usurper against the earlier Saturn(Kronos).
[If Joktan's sons are mixture of Semitic and Japheth, then there is possibility that verses about Peleg and Joktan imply:
Peleg=Cush(6 sons) , (Joktan=Shem & Japheth) Shem(6 sons) + Japheth (6 sons) .



[23/02/2020]
23_02_2020:001

paleorivers__extinct_rivers_in_northern_africa.jpg




23_02_2020:002 Deductions about Varna Culture that existed on the west shore of the Black Sea.

The Black Sea Basin was ancient trade centre, before it was destroyed by flood.
Some survived the flooding of the Black Sea Basin, and established the Varna Culture on the west shore of the Black Sea.

The Varna Culture were probably represented the knowledge and activities of the Black Sea Basin Ancient Trade centre,
in a similar way to how the Sumerians represented the knowledge and activities of the Persian Gulf Trade Ancient Trade centre before it flooded, and in a similar way to how the Canaanites and Ancient Egyptians represented the knowledge & activities of the Dead Sea Trade centre which remained unflooded but become very dry and hot.

The Black Sea trade centre was less technologically advanced than the Persian Gulf trade centre.
The Black Sea trade centre was less technologically advanced than the Dead Sea ancient trade centre.
The Black Sea trade centre was probably the homeland of the biblical Shem and Japheth.

Varna culture was involved some kind of sex worship religion,because their burial customs involved putting gold sheaths on the sex organs of people that died.
[More advancec cultures such as the ancient Egyptians buried their dead with golden facial death masks,compared to Varna Culture who were making jewelry to put around the sex organs of people when they died.

It is probable that Varna Culture was descended from stone age Venus figurine trade networks of homo-sapiens-sapensis(modern humans) interbreeding with Neanderthals in western Asia and Europe.
Modern humans migrated out of Africa 70,000 years ago. About 40,000-50,000 years ago dark skinned modern humans reached Europe and were breeding with the pale-skinned Neanderthals.
Over tends of thousands of years of interbreeding with Neanderthals,the modern humans in Europe eventually became pale skinned.
Over tends of thousands of years of interbreeding with Neanderthals,the modern humans in Europe became physically similar to Neanderthals.

So the religion of breeding out the Neanderthals, with its stone age Venus figurine symbols,became the religion of the Black Sea trade centre, and the sex worship religion of Varna.

Perhaps the circumcision customs of semitic cultures in the bible have something to do with the sex-worship-gold-sheaths of the Varna burials.

The origin of Semitic races has something to do with the Natufian advanced culture migrating northward to the Taurus mountains/anti-Taurus mountains in southern-western Anatolia,
and the making contact with pale-skinned modern humans that were part of the Venus figurine trade networks in Europe and western Asia.
Then the Natufians made their stone temples in places like Gobeklii Tepe, possibly as a symbol of their religion-of-the-constellations to pale skinned races that existed to the North.
Through intermixing between the 2 groups described, the Semitic races came into existence. Semitic races are racially caucasian, but they speak Natufian(African) language.
On the northerm edge of the fertile crescent and Southern Anatolia, the African traits were crowded out of gene pool by continual invasions by caucasians over thousands of years, but they kept their African(Natufian) language,
and they became Semites.

In Genesis Chapter ,the story of Noah gtting drunk and cursing his son Ham(Canaan) and blessing his 2 other sons Shem and Japheth is probably the Semitic writers trying to
unjustly label Hamitic cultures with the sex-worship customs of Varna.
Ham was not really the son of a Black-Sea-Basin-Noah. Shem and Japheth were his real sons.
Ham might have been more like a son of the Persian-Gulf-Basin-Noah called Ziusudra (according to the Sumerian account of a Great Flood).

Maybe the ancestors of Varna Culture had a habit of interbreeding with Neanderthals by getting them drunk,killing off the Neanderthal males, and having carnal knowledge of the Neanderthal females.
Maybe the ancestors of Varna Culture had a habit of interbreeding with Neanderthals by getting them drunk,killing off the Neanderthal males, and seeing-the-nakedness of the Neanderthal females.
Modern humans inhabited Southern Europe and South-western0Asia where there were probably grape-growing-climates along the ancient shores(paleo-shore-lines) and maybe modern humans learned how to ferment foods to make wine, yoghurt,etc.

So if the Biblical Noah learned grape-agriculture and got drunk from the fermented juice, maybe it was Shem and Japheth that saw the nakedness of Noah.
i.e. Shem and Japheth and their Black-Sea-Basin/Varna culture customs that saw-the-nakedness of Noah.


The alliance of Shem and Japheth in Genesis 9:27
Shem interbreeds with Ham, and steals the technological secrets of Ham. That is that is how Shem got his African name(African language/Natufian Language).
Japheth finds places(regions) where there are no members of Ham, and then the people of Japheth do their Varna-like sex worship customs to increase their numbers.
So Japheth becomes "greatly increased" in numbers.
Then Japheth launches invasions against Ham.
Shem betrays Ham and allies with Japheth.
So the knowledge and technology of Ham is stolen by Shem and Japheth, and Ham diaappears from some region.

if Varna is said to have a writing system, it was probably not invented by Varna.
Hamitic cultures such as the Ancient Egyptians,Sumerians, Proto-Elamites,Atlas Mountain Culture(Titans),Canaanites(Phoenicians),Minoans first invented writing systems,
and those Hamitic civilizations were carrying their writing systems along the sea lanes.
The people of Varna traded probably with such Hamitic cultures and maybe sometimes left their Hamitic writing systems at Varna, and other places.



historical secret:03_08_2019_002.jpg
----------------------------------------------------------------------


historical secret:11_04_2020.jpg



  [Note:The sled-like boots of the prot-elamite striding figure, could be like ancient sand sleds that transported large stones.
They are something African(including ancient Ethiopian Arabia), to do with building structures on the edges of deserts where there is much sand.
They are connected with lost knowledge of how to move large stones which could be described as 'sand hydraulics' .]

2 symbols that occur in Proto-elamite art work are the scorpion and the fish.

It is possible that proto-elamites were a colony of ancient Ethiopia connected to the Karun River system.
The scorpion is possibly a symbol of ancient ethiopian kingship
The fish might represent that ancient ethiopia were a sea power, or it might signify a flooded ancient trade centre (Persian Gulf).

The scorpion and fish symbols also occur in the protodynastic/early dynastic system of ancient Egypt.
Ancient Ethiopia was probably influential in Upper Egypt, and Ta-Seti the southern most Nome/province of Egypt(upper Egypt) and could be considered an ancient ethiopian Nome/province in Egypt
TaSeti means land of the bows, and Ethiopia were specialist bowmen.

So it is no surprise that the scorpion and fish symbols appear in connection with the first pharoahs of a unified Egypt.
Ancient Ethiopia was probably significant in the victory of Upper Egypt over Lower Egypt, and the Unification of ancient Egypt.

King Scorpion of Dynasty 0 , and Narmer(Mer-nar=Mena=Menes) were associated with scorpion and fish symbols.

King Scorpion of Dynasy 0 is associated with scorpion symbols, and it is not certain if the scorpion is hieroglyphic(part of a writing system).

King Narmer(Menes) is associated with a chisel and fish hieroglyph, which were later superseded by other hieroglyphs.
It is possible that the ealier Narmer'(Menes') hierogplyphic system had similarities to the protoelamite(ancient-ethiopian) system of writing,
because of the initial ancient ethiopian influence on Upper Egypt around the time of unification.
and then later ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs diverged away from the earlier hieroglyphic symbols, by replacing them with more dissimilar hieroglyph symbols.

It might be mentioned the ancient Egyptians spoke an Afro-Asiatic language,with similarities to Canaanite language,so the homeland of the ancestors of the ancient Egyptians was
probably the Natufian Dead Sea ancient trade centre in Canaan, and before that probably the Sahara when it had river system.
i.e. Ancient Egyptians were not Sahelians. Ancient Egyptians were descended from Saharans which became Natufians in the Levant, and then afterward migrated into the Nile valley.

Therefore, the Hieroglyphic system in ancient Egypt possibly started off with ancient Ethiopian symbols such as the Scorpion and Fish, but later diverged toward the more Natufian symbols such as the Ra symbol solar disk.
Ra was probably the god of the Saharans and Natufian Dead sea trade centre. In the earliest Dynastic times, Ra had an ancient Ethiopian competitors called Horus the Elder(Haroeris) and his wife Hathor(house of Horus).
over time, the worship of Horus the Elder stopped, and he became disguised as the god Osiris.

[Note that Acient Egyptian god Ra does not seem to know about a Great flood, so he is probably the god of a trade centre that did not flood.
Ancient Egyptians writings about Ra have similarities to Genesis Chapter 6, however Ra was going to destroy man by fire not flood.
And his competitor Hathor saved mankind by a small flood of beer(celebration symbol?) as way of saving mankind from the fire of Ra.
The Dead Sea ancient trade centre did not flood, but became very hot and dry.]

[Interestingly, the goddess Hathor's symbol became the solar disk surrounded by cattle horns, which might be symbolic of how ancient Ethiopia(titans) surrounded the Saharans/Natufians on east,west,south.


To mention about the foundation figurines/cones/nails/pegs: they look similar to chisels.
Ancient chisels/pegs/nails might have been considered like a stylised scorpion stings into the ground and into rock.
So hieroglyphs for Narmer(Menes) being the chisel and the fish, could be a form of the scorpion and fish associated with ancient Ethiopia, similarly found in proto-elamite art work.

Question: Could the fish and the scorpion symbols be pictographic writing symbols(part of the Proto-elamite writing system) ?

Also to mention: The way that Sumerians buried the founder figurines(founder pegs) in the foundations of buildings might be evidence of Nimrod Religion(Orion constellation religion) in Mesopotamia,
with similarities to the Natufians cult of skull removal in the Levant. Naturfians would bury the dead under their homes.
THe Natufians were the builders of the stone temple complex at Gobeklii Tepe.


founders_beards_aethiopians_and_aegyptians.jpg

------------------------------
[19/07/2020]

Were ancient circumnavigation voyages possible via roaring 40s sea route ?



Were ancient circumnavigation voyages possible via roaring 40s sea route ?

This map diagram is a possible solution to the questions raised in the documentary "Revelation of the Pyramids".

[Thousands of years after the Beringia ancient trade centre was flooded, and the Tree of Life stone age trade route into North America disapppeared,
Titan sea farers(Ancient Ethiopian land-sea power) found the descendants of the Tree of Life tradition: in central America, in the form of Olmec Culture.

After beringia flooded,
over thousands of years,the knowledge of the Chinook(Shinook?) neolithic farming culture migratred south into Central America, and the Olmecs were the Guardians of such ancient knowledge.
And it is possible that ancient Ethiopia found a sea pathway to the Olmecs, via the Roaring 40s sea "fast travel" route. maybe around the time of the Unbification of Ancient Egypt.






Master of Beasts = "The Mighty Hunter" that thousands of years later becomes the "good shepherd" when domestication of animals occurs.
Master of Beasts religion = Nimrod religion(constellations religion of fertile crescent, the religion of orion[first prophecy in the bible genesis 3:15]).
Nimrod corresponds to the Sumerian ancestor king Etana, mentioned in the Sumerian King List.

  ------------------------------
[24/08/2020]

[the set animal and pyramid construction:
What is the set animal(set symbol)?
does it represent animals of great strength(pack animals) such as donkeys and elephants?
Were ancient Egyptians secretly importing donkeys and elephants to build large structures such as temples and pyramids,
and representing such pack animals through the set animal symbol ? ]

Did ancient egyptians used elephants and donkeys to build pyramids?

Discovery of a predynastic elephant burial at Hierakonpolis, Egypt
Adams, B., 1998. Discovery of a predynastic elephant burial at Hierakonpolis, Egypt. Archaeology International, 2, pp.46–50. DOI:
https://ai-journal.com/articles/abstract/10.5334/ai.0214/

Masterworks Of Early Egyptian Art To Be Shown At The Oriental Institute
https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/03/masterworks-of-early-egyptian-art-to-be.html

Ancient Egyptian artwork tells of extinction
http://blogs.nature.com/houseofwisdom/2014/10/ancient-egyptian-artwork-tells-of-extinction.html

[Elephantine island (in the Nile river )was considered as the southern-most extent of Ancient Egypt.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantine
Known to the ancient Egyptians as ꜣbw (abu) "Elephant". <--- the Ancient Egyptians had a word for elephant.

The Use of Elephant Ivory(from tusks) in 1st Dynasty Egypt.
Mehen or the Game of the Snake was one of the first known multi-player board games of ancient Egypt <--- Ivory game pieces.
https://www.thevintagenews.com/2017/05/13/mehen-or-the-game-of-the-snake-was-one-of-the-first-known-multi-player-board-games-of-ancient-egypt/


24_08_2020.jpg
------------------------------
[01/10/2020:001]


Ophidian figurines = mother of Mighty Hunter(reborn) .The deified mother of the Mighty Hunter.
Ubaidian cult of the ressurected/reincarnated/reborn Mighty Hunter),
perhaps in a similar way to how bible writers talk about the prophet Elijah.(Malachi 4:5 , Matthew 17:11)


------------------------------
[22/10/2020]

------------------------------
[01/10/2020:002]
Lord of Aratta,Karun River(gihon river) = Proto-Elam (Colony of Ancient Ethiopia) existed before Elamites.

[Elamite language is an "linguistic isolate" and Sumerian is another kind of "linguistic isolate".
Why are two different language isolates so close geographically in location ?

probably because both Sumerian and Elamite started as pidgeon languages of "Trade Zones".
Ancient Ethiopian traders/colonists gave rise to both Sumerian language and Elamite language.

Sumerian Nation is older than Elamite nation.
The Sumerian nation competed with the Proto-Elamites for around 500 years, until Proto-Elamites became extinct.3500 BC-3000BC approximately.
Proto-Elamites were like a last outpost of Ethiopian advanced-culture around Mesopotamia,
as the Pishon River was drying up.Ancient Havilah was disappearing.

[Elamite language origion]
Genesis 10:22 suggests a semitic influence among Elamites. <---> Elam was a trade zone between Ancient Ethiopians and Semites.
Such a trade zone had its pidgin language which later became the Elamite language isolate.
Maybe some Dravidian influences existed in such a trade zone.

[Sumerian language origin]
Sumerian language formed in a trade zone between Ancient Ethiopians and Scythians(Proto-scythians?).
Such a trade zone had its pidgin language which later became the Sumerian language isolate
However, the trade zone was probably flooded by the sea(possibly a southern portion of the Persian Gulf basin trade centre),
which some of the Sumerian nation ancestors survived. The Sumerians were competing for some time with Ubaidian culture.
Ubaidian culture was dominant in Mesopotamia before the Sumerians discovered writing.

...
...
...
Why has Akkad never been found? Does it correspond to Aratta (Proto-Elam) that became an extinct nation?]

Sargon of Akkad was a later Hamito-Semitic descendant of the Ethiopian Aratta (Proto-Elam).

The Sumerian city of Girsu was toward Aratta,toward Elam and had something to do with the rise of Sargon of Akkad.
[Ningirsu the Chalice Warrior <----> ...A much older role was the appointment of Sargon of Akkad as cup-bearer in the 23rd century... ]
Sumerian god names such as Ningirsu and Ninurtu are associated with ancient Ethiopian mighty hunter traditions.
 
------------------------------------------------------------
[03/02/2021:001]
DISCOVERY: THE MEANING OF SAG-GIG-GA (SUMERIANS,black-headed-people) IS POSSIBLY DECIPHERED.

Sumerians called themselves "PEOPLE OF THE SORGHUM".

Each sorghum plant bears a large 'head' of seeds called a panicle. Panicles look similar to corn cobs, but are softer.

Sorghum plants was domesticated in the African Sahel(fertile zone). The ancestors of the Sumerians originated in the African Sahel,
and then crossed into Arabia, into the Persian Gulf trade centre. When the Persian Gulf flooded several thousands of years ago,
some Sumerians survived and migrated into Southern Mesopotamia.

[This information was research several months before, in year 2020,and is now published on this website.]

03_02_2021.jpg

03_02_2021.jpg

==================================================
[03/02/2021:002]
Megaliths on both sides of the African Sahel(East and West), suggest advanced culture in the Sahel thousands of years ago.

1)SENEGAL & GAMBIA(BETWEEN THE SENEGAL RIVER AND GAMBIA RIVER)
(Western Sahel)

Senegambian megaliths as world cultural heritage
Augustin Fc Holl , Published 2018 , Geography , Open Access Journal
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Senegambian-megaliths-as-world-cultural-heritage-Holl/a9ce5eddd39e3fac72d12d336f13503e467ba802

The megalithic site of Wanar (Senegal)[Le site mégalithique de Wanar (Sénégal)]
Note préliminaire sur un nouveau programme de coopération entre la France et le Sénégal (2008-2011)
Luc Laporte, Hamady Bocoum, Régis Bernard, Francis Bertin, Vincent Dartois, Adrien Delvoye, Malik Diop, Abdoulaye Kane and Laurent Quesnel
https://journals.openedition.org/aaa/827?lang=en
--
2)AFRO-ARABIAN CULTURAL COMPLEX
(Eastern Sahel & Western Arabia , Nile)

https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/nabta-playa-the-worlds-first-astronomical-site-was-built-in-africa-and-is

https://www.world-archaeology.com/features/yemen-arabias-stonehenge-3/

==========================================
[02/04/2021]

In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh is considered 1/3 human, 2/3 god.
Such a description might be a reference to 3 distinct cultures existing in or around Sumer(Southern Mesopotamia),

https://www.ancient-literature.com/other_gilgamesh.html
...the introduction of Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, two-thirds god and one-third human...]

during the times of the ancient Sumerians existed 3 cultures: <--- King Gilgamesh was a combination of the 3 cultures.
1 was a developing culture, 2 cultures was very ancient and technologically advanced.

1 was considered cultures of men, 2 were considered a god-like cultures (perhaps one briefly became a god-like civilization=Ancient Ethiopia).

1 culture probably Sumerians, 2 cultures older than the Sumerians,including the founders of the Sumerian Cities.
[Sumerian traditions suggest that such cities were given to them in the manner of gifts from the gods.]

1 culture probably Sumerians , 2 cultures probably Ubaidians(Dead Sea Basin influences) and Ancient Ethiopians(dominant in the Persian Gulf Trade Centre before it flooded).
Ubaidians were in Mesopotamia and had 'shining ones' traditions connected to the Dead Sea trade centre, based upon their artwork.

[Question:Would this suggest that the Ubaidians(without writing but ancient god-like) were intermixing with the Proto-Elamites(with writing and ancient god-like)?
OR, would this suggest that the Ubaidians(without writing but ancient god-like) were warring against the Proto-Elamites(with writing and ancient god-like)?
see the map corresponding to "African speaking populations associated with: Afro-arabian cultural complex on both sides of the Red Sea."
published before 03/02/2017 .

The map was constructed before the discovery of information about Proto-Elamites in Iran.
So the map is relevent to refer to. Perhaps the map needs to be slightly updated to include the migration of Ancient Ethiopians north-eastward up the Karun river system(Gihon river system)].

Would such an interpretation suggest that the Elamite origin is from war between the Ubaid and the Proto-Elamites?
Would such an interpretation suggest that the Elamite origin is from war between Dead Sea Trade Centre influences against Persian Gulf Trade Centre influences?

[i.e. Ubaid culture possibly made war against the Proto-Elamites. Both Ubaid and Proto-Elamites became extinct, and Elamites began their existence.The Elamite nation came into being.
[and Akkad possibly came into existence, maybe somewhere to the north(north-west?) of the Elamites, but they were less technologically advanced but war-like.]

How would such an interpretation harmonise with information about the war between Uruk(Erech) and Aratta which resulted in the Sumerians inventing writing ?
Were the Sumerians given writing knowledge by a godlike culture?
The Sumerian tradition suggests that Uruk was favoured by the gods, and Aratta was forsaken by the gods, and such a situation resulted in
Uruk inventing writing as an aid to memorising messages between rival cities.

Because the Sumerian city Uruk was favoured by the gods, the Sumerians possibly considered as the sons of the gods. [Sumerians were originally a lesser nation that appeared in the Ancient-Ethiopian-controlled Persian Gulf Trade Centre. Havilah<--->Eden correspondences.]
So when Aratta made war against the Sumerian city Uruk, it was like Aratta making war against the god-like ancient Ethiopian culture who founded the Sumerian cities.
So when Aratta(without writing) made war against the Sumerian city Uruk, it was like Aratta making war against the god-like ancient Ethiopian culture who had a writing system(Proto-Elamite writing).
[This might suggest that the Sumerian city Uruk was given writing knowledge by the Proto-Elamites, because both Sumerians and Proto-Elamites(ancient Ethiopians) were associated via the Persian Gulf trade centre.

The suggestions about war between Ubadian (Dead Sea Basin trade centre influences) and Proto-Elamite(Persian Gulf trade centre influences) could be interpreted as Ubaidian invasion into the region of Elam,
in the form of war-invasions and/or trade networks.
The suggestions about war between Ubadian (Dead Sea Basin trade centre influences) and Proto-Elamite(Persian Gulf trade centre influences) could be interpreted as a Dead-Sea-trade-centre-invasion into the region of Elam,
in the form of war-invasions and/or trade networks.
[i.e. like an invasion of Sodom and Gomorrah nations into Elam, before the Sodom and Gomorrah nations fell into corruption.
Compare Genesis chapter 14, which portrays a comparable situation of Elam and its allies invading against the Sodom and Gomorrah region(Dead Sea Basin),
and they probably travelled along the Pishon River(Wadi-Al-Batin) through Havilah after disappearance of the Ancient Ethiopians in that region.

Elamite language is an agglutinative language isolate, which suggests that it was formed in a trade zone between different cultures. Maybe the Ubaidians were one of the nations trading in Elam.

So perhaps Aratta was a Ubaidian city in Elam,or toward Elam, not a Proto-Elamite city.

Also, it is possible that Uruk (with its initially pictographic writing system) was ruled by ancient Ethiopian kings. Enmerkar of Uruk could be an ancient Ethiopian King.
When the ancient Ethiopian kings became extinct, that is period when the writing system changed from pictographic to Cuneiform, that is when Cuneiform symbols became shifted 90 degrees.
When the Ethiopian Kings existed in Uruk ,the cuneiform symbols were like the a person's head facing forward, and when the Ethiopian Kings became extinct, that is when the Cuneiform symbols.
became like a person's head facing upward when life ceases.
Uruk was first known as Unug or Unug-Kulaba which resembles African language.
Uruk was a city that began as two populations on different sides of a river.

En-merkar means Lord Merkar , who is said to be the Sumerian Inventor of writing.
How similar is the name Merkar, to the ancient Egyptian name Narmer(probably 'Mer-Nar=Mena=Menes) who unified Egypt at the beginningof Ancient Egytpian civilization?
How similar is the Sumerian Mer-kar to the Ancient Egyptian 'Mer-Nar' ?

Are Mer-Kar/Mer-nar really an Ancient Ethiopian language term denoting writing or those who first gave writing to a civilization?

[In egyptian hieroglpyhs, Mer-Nar is the Chisel and the Fish.
The chisel is like a Scorpion Sting.<----> Scoprion Kings correspond to Ancient Ethiopian symbolism.
The Fish is like a sea-land empire, and a trade centre that was flooded. Havilah(Hamitic)<---> Eden correspondences in Genesis Chapter 2.

Are Mer-Kar/Mer-nar really an Ancient Ethiopian language term denoting writing or those who first gave writing to a civilization?
==========================================
[20/04/2021]

What could the tree of knowledge in the bible mean? (i.e. The tree of knowledge of good and evil)

"tree of knowledge of good and evil:counterfeit religion=drugs,intoxication(fruit of tree?) ,human sacrifice(cain and abel=first human sacrifice,earth filled with violence)
=>corruption by Varna religion? (sex worship breeding out neanderthals=druidism,stone-age-venus-religion,cannibalism) <---> Noah became intoxicated with wine and became naked ,Adam and Eve intoxicated
with false religion and became naked(discovered they were naked).

--

What could the tree of life in the bible mean ?

God is the source of life. Religion which is in harmony with god's ways.
religion which leads toward god purpose, not away from gods purpose.

i.e. The tree of life could be like the great tree which reaches into the heaven(s).
it could be symbolised by a very tall tree touching the sky,
or a tree with a dragon-bird/thunder-bird at its top.The bird that can fly to heaven.
[i.e. Compare the Sumerian story of "Inanna and the Huluppu tree" which has an Anzu-bird nesting in the braches of the tree.
Zu(An-zu) is a divine storm-bird and the personification of the southern wind and the thunder clouds]

The bird that ascends to heaven and carries the souls of men into heaven,
in the manner of the biblical Enoch ascending to heaven, and the great eagle which carries the Sumerian Etana to heaven.
[.. perhaps in the manner of God breathing the breathe of life into Adam, and Adam becoming a 'living soul' (nephesh).]

Also, Nebuchadnezzar's dream with the large tree:
The tree which grew large and strong, with its top touching the sky,...,having nesting places in its branches for the birds.

Such an interpretation harmonises with the religious imagery carved into the stones of Gobeklii Tepe, which is suggestive of a religion
based upon an Orion-Cygnus constellations reliogious combination. The religion of Gobeklii Tepe is the religion of Nimrod(religion of the Mighty Hunter and domestication:
the Mighty Hunter which becomes The Good Shepherd through thousands of years of domestication
,fertile crescent religion of the constellations,first prophecy in the bible Genesis 3:15),
like bible concepts before the bible was written.

An-zu birds are some of the earliest gods worshipped in the Fertile Crescent. They are portrayed as Nisrochs(princely ones).
Nisrochs in Sumerian & Babylonian artwork are like the god Thoth in Ancient Egypt religous art, and the 'Ba' concept displayed in tomb art.
[https://www.britannica.com/topic/ba-Egyptian-religion
Ba, in ancient Egyptian religion, with the ka and the akh[ankh?], a principal aspect of the soul; the ba appears in bird form, thus expressing the mobility of the soul after death.]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Varna Religion had trade routes going westward into Europe. They traded items such as stone age Venus figurines.

Tree of Life religion was in the Fertile Crescent, and its trade networks extended eastward into Asia (Siberia? Mongolia?<-- Lopp Nor ancient trade centre,Yenisei River Valley?)
(and possibly into North America via Beringia(land bridge existing around ice age times).

How similar would a tree-of-life figurine(Huluppu tree) be to an American-Indian totem pole ?
[This is a serious question, because archaeological discoveries auggest that around 12000 years ago farming revolutions began around the same time:
- in the Levant(fertile crescent, Natufian culture)
- around Japan (Jomon Culture)
- North America(Chinook Culture)

So extensive far reaching land trade networks carrying knowledge about farming existed during the time of the Natufians.

- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What could the tree of knowledge in the bible mean? (i.e. The tree of knowledge of good and evil)

"tree of knowledge of good and evil:counterfeit religion=drugs,intoxication(fruit of tree?) ....Adam and Eve intoxicated
with false religion and became naked(discovered they were naked).....[FURTHER]

The-Dead-Sea-basin-trade-ancient-trade-centre was closer to the Varna Ancient Trade Centre(Black-Sea-Basin-ancient-trade-centre)
so the Dead Sea trade centre was more susceptible to corruption by Varna Religion than the Persian Gulf Trade Centre.
Sodom and Gomorrah were cities in the Dead Sea trade centre.
So Sodom and Gomorrah began as .moral cities having great wisdom, but over time Sodom and Gomorrah became corrupted by the sex worship religion of Varna.

Ancient Egyptians had their origion within the Dead Sea trade, similar to the origin of Sodom and Gomorrah.
The Ancient Egyptians migrated out of the Dead Sea trade centre BEFORE it became corrupted. The Ancient Egyptians migrated southward to the Nile Valley and became a great civilization(one of the first civilizations).
[Revelation 11:8]

[Note that the Dead Sea trade centre was Natufian.The Natufians probably came from North Africa. The Ancient Egyptians were Natufian descendants.
So when the Ancient Egyptian ancestors migrated southward into the Nile Valley, they were returning back to their African homeland.

Gobeklii Tepe was built by Natufians in the northern regions of the Fertile Crescent.

--
=========================================
[18/05/2021]
[Shemsu Hor/Shemsu Heru:followers of Horus = Followers of 'Horus the Elder' Haroeris ,
and the Identity of Set. ]

Followers of Horus term could be interpreted that, to the first Dynasties of Egypt , Horus the Elder was important god.
Horus the Elder probably similarities to the worship of the Sumerian gods Enki and Dumuzi.


concepts:
Sceptre of Set = Was-Sceptre <---- Elephant sceptre of Set.

was Set the originally the priest/vizier/protector of teh Osiris King ? was Set the priest/vizier/protector of Haroeris (horus the elder) ?

Osiris being Horus the Elder in another form

Was Horus the Elder associated with atlas-mountain-culture-priesthood (atlantis priesthood , ancient ethiopian priesthood in the West) symbolised by Set ? <--- region of elephant domestication/taming
[... and the ancient ethiopian priesthood in the East probably corresponds to Amun worship (Theban religious tradition of Ancient Egypt=Waset religious tradition).]

a sceptre is a religious symbol, a priests symbol ,a symbol associated with a religious organisation such as ancient religious groups or a modern church.
A sceptre represents religous leadership, acceptance of a leadership position by a religion's members.

Such traditions have later appeared in the Bible as the custom of the sending a Scapegoat into the Wilderness.[Leviticus 16:10]
The Scapegoat customs have a similarity to Edenic story of the Abel being murdered by his brother Cain, and Cain surviving after being banished exiled to the land of wandering.

Ancient Egypt had an earlier story corresponding to Abel and Cain Eden. In Ancient Egypt was the tradition of Osiris and Set being brothers , and then Set murdering Osiris.
[Brother killing brother is possibly a early tradition. A still earlier tradition could be 2 brothers assisting each other, and a snake killing one of the brothers, and the other brother surviving in the Wilderness(wild lands),
or a snake killing the King, and the priesthood of the King surviving in the Wilderness(wild lands) awaiting the return of the King(resurrection of the King)<--- NImrod religion.]
i.e. When the Havilah trade centre in the East flooded the ancient Ethiopian priesthood in the East suffered destruction(Amun became invisible, Osiris died),
while the ancient Ethiopian priesthood in the West survived (Set survived and was strong wandering in the wilderness , preparing the way for the restoration of the Osiris King in a future time).

[ John 1:23,Isaiah 40:3 ]
----------------------------------
[27-28/06/2021]

The founders of Sumerian civilization were the same as the founders of Egyptian civilization symbolised by
fishtail and peg copper figurines (en-merkar:lord merkar) = fish and chisel h1eroglyph (narmer = lord mer-nar)
<-- symbols which attest to existence of ancient ethiopia (nimrod/etana kings).

Chisels and Metallic pegs are similar tools: tools which have the same function or similar function.
[CHISELS AND METALLIC PEGS PROBABLY CONSIDERED LIKE SCORPION STINGS(SCORPION TAIL STINGS)<---->Scorpion Kings depicted in early artwork.]

When the Ethiopian ancient trade centre flooded, it was like fish swimming above the chisels.
The symbolism of chisels(scorpion tail stings) piercing fish tails above soil was possibly like trying to reclaim the flooded earth of the
Ancient Ethiopian ancient trade centre(Persian Gulf Basin).


Nihursag is pre-civilized form of Innana.
Ninhursag is possibly the consort of Ninurta (a mighty hunter god) probably from Ubaidian times.
lady of the mountain, but maybe Ninhurgag could be interpreted as Lady of the mountain Top.
Ninhursag is depicted in connection with foundation figurwes: depicted as wearing hats of foundation figures
(some might call them wizard's hats and caps).

ninhursag's worship is associated with a temple at Al-Ubaid.

Ubaidian culture was possibly a hybrid of ancient ethiopian and Dead-Sea trade centre.


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[06/09/2021]
THE MYSTERY OF THE WALLED CITIES DESTROYED BY KING NARMER:
WALLED CITIES DEPICTED IN THE NARMER PALETTE.

The Narmer Palette suggests that Lower Egypt owned more Nomes(river provinces) than archaeologists suggest.
Lower Egypt built walled cities down to the Wadi Hammamat, and Narmer(Mer-Nar,Mena,Menes) discovered a way to destroy those cities.
Perhaps, Upper egypt originally had 4 or 5 Nomes, which might suggest that Upper Egypt was originally an ancient Ethiopian entity.

The Wadi Hammamat could be an ancient artificially carved canal and stone quarry: a canal built to stabilise the water levels of the Nile.
The Nile used to hold more water thousands of years ago than it does in modern times.

Western Archaeologists some decdes used to give hints about this information:
The Wadi Hammamat used to be mentioned more in archaeology text books more than in the modern day.

More recent archaeological writings in mention a controversy between the Thinis confederacy versus Abydos. Thinite Confederacy.
Articles about the Thinis confederacy versus Abydos are connected to archaeological mention of the Wadi Hammamat,
and nearby the Wadi Hammamat,the existence of Lower Egypt walled cities around the Dendera/Naqada region of the Nile,
where the Nile flows west to east between Abydos and Dendera & Naqada, described as h-r-p-y the land of the hippopotamus god Hapi.
In Ancient Egpytian traditions is possibly referred to as "the land of flood(inundation)",
and possibly had similarities to the the Faiyum region near the Nile Delta in the North.
So colonists from Lower egypt occupied the land of Hapi and built their fortress cities (walled cities).
[walled cities are something connected to the Canaan and the Dead Sea ancient trade centre, sometimes referred to as Cyclopean walls.
e.g. ancient walled cities such as Jericho and Meggido in the Levant(Palestine).

In biblical writings, Mizraim is considered a diverter of rivers, a diverter of the Nile. Mizraim is the name the bible gives to the ancestor of Ancient Egyptians.

Also the Wadi Hammamat is toward Dedan in Arabia.The ancient ethiopian kingdom of Dedan was a precursor to later civilizations that carved their cities of the rock such as Petra.
the last remnants of Dedan are the Midianites described in Exodus which gave refuge to the Israelite Moses when he escaped Egpyt.
Perhaps Dedan developed their stone working skill due to contact with the Dead Sea ancient trade centre.

Narmer's capital city of Hieronkonpolis(Nekhen) is on the wrong side of the river to be Ancient Egyptian.
Hieronkonpolis is on the western bank of the Nile, which ancient Egyptians associated with cities to the dead.
Why the custom of the Ancient Egyptians of building cities of the living on the Eastern banks of the Niles River?
Maybe because Ancient Ethiopia controlled the West Bank of the Nile, and founded cities such as Hieronkonpolis(Nekhen).

At the beginning of Egyptian civilization was a period when there was significant Ethiopian influence over ancient Egypt, and then Ancient Ethiopians semed to disappear from Ancient Egypt.
[something similar occured at the beginnings of Sumerian civilization, and is possibly symbolised by the Sumerian writing symbols being rotated 90 degrees after a period of time.]
-------------

09/09/2021:001 -

Ta-Seti(land of the bows) was the first Nome of Upper Egypt.
Some consider Ta- Seti as part of Ethiopia, or a little Ethiopia Nome(river province) from which emerged the other Nomes of Upper Egypt.
or a Nome(river province) that culturally very much influenced the other Nomes of Upper Egypt, in the initial stages of Egyptian culture.

-------------
09/09/2021:002 further information:
The Hyksos invasion of Ancient Egypt was an attempted reversal of how Upper Egypt began with few Nomes(river provinces), and then expanded to gain many Nomes, and eventually Unified Egypt.
the Ancient Egyptians who resisted the Hyksos in a military way, retreated to Thebes(Waset) which was the ancient boundary between the initial extent of Upper Egypt from Ethiopia.
Thebes(Waset) was the centre of the Amun religion (Amun/Amon/Amen). The religion of Amun with the invisible God , was a way for Ancient Ethiopia to observe and to influence Ancient Egypt.
When citizens could not worship their god statues in temples due to the Hyksos invasions, they turned to the worship of the invisible god Amun, and the Amun religion was a way for Egyptians to make Ethiopian alliances.

Thebes(Waset) and the few Nomes to the south remained free from Hyksos domination, and were a way to continue a war of liberation against the Hyksos.

-------------
09/09/2021:003
The mysterious word mer-ka-ba which is mentioned but not much explained. [some interpetations suggest the light emanating from the pyramid, or a chariot of the gods- a vehicle that carries the souls of men to heaven.]

a possible interpretation:
Merkar-ba , Mernar-ba = the Soul of Mernar(Merkar) ?
Pyramid being the place of the Soul of Narmer(Menes).
<---- artificial mountain, artificial primal mound , like the word Tatenen (Tat-djenen?) the first mountain, the first mound emerging from the waters of creation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatenen

Pyramid being the resting place of those who taught the Ancient Egyptians the knowledge of writing,and how to build large structures.
Mernar/ Merkar is possibly a word signifiying those that influenced Upper Egypt. It could be an ancient Ethiopian word.

In lower Egypt, this idea was probably signfied by the god Thoth, who taught the ancient Egyptians writing, and knowledge of civilization.
Hermopolis(Khemenu) is like a city of Thoth religion. Hermopolis(Khemenu) in the North ,nearer to the Nile Delta , is possibly the counterpart of Thebes to the population of Lower Egypt.

Interpration of 'Chariots of the Gods' is probably incorrect, and the transportation method is more like a giant bird carrying people to heaven,
in manner of the Sumerian story of King Etana( upon which is probably based the biblical Enoch who walked with God [Gen 5:24] ).
The egyptian 'ba' is symbolised with a bird symbol and represents the soul of men.

The Ba being something very powerful: the life force that inhabits human bodies being like a giant prehistoric bird that is like a dragon = a dragon-bird.
If the life force that animates the human body were released all at once, maybe it would be like a great fiery bird(phoenix) appearing for a time, and then ascending to heaven[John 20:17].
It has Sumerian counterparts in the form of Anzu(bird), Imdugud(bird),
Nisrochs(ancient bird headed gods which probably carried people to heaven))
t
[People in ancient times belived that
the things which modern people label as the energy of chemical processes inside human cells , in the cell protoplasm , the biological energy processes that power human bodies,
were something like fiery birds(phoenix]
----------------
09/09/2021:004

[There is Hathor or Haroeris symbolism in the Narmer Palette. Haroeris = Horus the Elder.
i.e. At the top edge of the Narmer palette are faces, and they have cattle horns.
Narmer's military victories occur as Hathor or Horus-the-Elder observe,
and/or maybe Narmer's military power has to do with the influences of a culture that began as 'Cattle-People' (cow herders?) along the Nile River tributary streams & African Sahel.]


http://www.ancient-egypt.org/history/early-dynastic-period/1st-dynasty/horus-narmer/narmer-artefacts/narmer-palette.html
... In most publications, these heads have been described as cows' heads, which is usually interpreted as an early reference to the cow-goddess, Bat or perhaps Hathor...

Narmer worshipped gods that were opposition to Ra. Hathor saves mankind from the fiery eye of Ra(the destruction of Sekhmet) (parallels to Genesis Chapter 6, but Egyptians knew nothing about a great flood, Instead Ra tries to destroy mankind with fire.)
The Sun god Ra is probably a god of Lower Egypt(Nile Delta) and maybe originating in the Dead Sea trade centre.
in ancient Egypt, the religion of ra was based in Heliopolis(On) where the Nile River branches into a delta.
----------------
09/09/2021:005

The biblical moses was semitic opposition to Pharaoh Ahmose who expelled the semitic hyksos from egypt.
biblical moses was like a Hyksos prince who learned about the religion of Amun from Jethro the midianite Ethiopian from Dedan.
[Moses Egyptian name: Jah-mose: drawn out of the moon? , Hapi-moses (drawn out of the Nile) : , Kha-mose /Xa-mose /Ha-mose (similar to Hyksos name : Khamudi

The Ancient Ethiopian religion of Amun the invisible god was the method of rebellion of Ancient Egypt against the Hyksos invaders.

Egypt had ethiopian alliances which helped them to expel the Hyksos from Egypt .
The Biblical moses led the exodus of the Hyksos from Egypt and found a place for the Hyksos among the Hebrew tribes that were invading Canaan.

Ahmose was the son of Pharaoh Sekenenra Taa. Sekenenra named his sons in opposition to the 2 final Hyksos rulers.
Ahmose , Khamose (ancient Egyptians) <-----> Apophis,Khamudi (Hyksos)

[Pharaoh Sekenenra Taa was named long after the unification of Egypt. The period of the Hyksos invasion was long after Unification of Egypt.
The ancient Egyptian priests were trying to unify gods such as Amun and Ra, into the form of Amen-Ra.
Also a unification of gods 'Ra-Set' was worshipped for a time in ancient Egypt.
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[15/09/2021.jpg]

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[30/09/2021]

30_09_2021.jpg

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One of the titles of Imhotep was "Seal-Bearer of the North".
To the North of Egypt was the Dead Sea ancient trade centre in the Levant.
The Levant is very much associated with Cylinder Seal methods of indicating ownership.
Cylinder seals were being used to indicate ownership thousands of years before the development of writing.

By the time of the 3rd Dynaster of Ancient Egypt, and the building of the Step Pyramid,
groups who bear cylinder seals had learned how to write.

Imhotyep was possibly s hereditary group: hereditary seal-bearers/scribes/priesthood
that brought knowledge of building large structures in stone from the dead sea trade centre to ancient egypt.
[similar stone building technology existed in places such as Balbek.

They also brought with them knowledge connected to cylinder seals.
Cylinder seals were possibly a way of recording visual information about
ancient times in connection with ancient oral traditions.
So the visual information in Cylinder seals was a way of recording some information about times before writing was invented,
and so Cylinder seals could be interpreted via the visual information they held, in conjunction with oral traditons that were passed from one generation to the next.
Cylinder seals could be considered a way of correctly remembering information from oral traditions.

So Seal-Bearers were possibly groups who preserved knowledge of times before civilization.
Seal-Bearers were possibly groups who preserved knowledge of times before writing.
Seal-Bearers were possibly groups who preserved knowledge of eras when humans could build towns and cities, but had no writing.
Seal-Bearers were possibly groups who preserved knowledge of families,groups,dynasties,nations that existed back into ice age times
<----> Kings List dynasties before the flood <---> biblical patriachs who existed in Eden(s) before the flood. <----> traditions about ancient advanced cultures such as Atlantis,Lemuria .

By the time of the 3rd dynasty, the Ancient Ethopian influences began declining in Ancient Egypt,
to the extent that a Unified ancient Egypt reconnected associations with the Dead Sea ancient Trade Centre,
which was considered the homeland of Natufian descendants. Ancient Egyptians were such Natufian descendants.
Therefore, the the Imhotep group came from the North and brought much knowledge into Ancient Egypt.
--------------
To mention also, that Ancient Ethiopia sea-land power had knowledge of Cylinder seals.

The Atlas Mountain culture was probably establishing sea trading posts, in the Levant,
and the many cylinder seals found in the Levant has something to do with Ancient Ethiopian sea traders from the Atlas Mountains and their 'Set Priesthood' trading in the Levant.
[Tell Qaramel was closer to the coast than Tell Brak and Tell Hamoukhar. Perhaps Tell Qaramel had more siginficant influences from the Atlas Mountains sea power.]
[They Atlas Mountains sea power pretended it was different to the Ancient Ethiopian Kingdoms in Arabia and North-East Africa, so it was able to trade with the nations in the North Fertile Crescent.
Hence Set was called 'a deceiver by the Ancient Egyptians, because the Set Priesthood pretended to be different from Sahelian culture.]
--------------=
Question: Can the fantastically long reigns of the Kings(dynasties) in the Sumerian King List(s) be re-interpreted as remembered traditions abour dynasties reaching back into ice age times ?
The Ancient Ethiopia sea-and power was possibly developing over tens-of-thousands of years. Ancient Ethiopians possibly crossed into Arabia around 30,000 years ago with their sea travel technology.
Oral traditions, in conjunction with cylinder seals are about remembering events that occured over long periods of time, such as when conditions became so cold in tropical areas(or sub-tropical areas) that humans needed to make warm clothes for themselves,
or when humans discovered needle technology to make sewn clothes instead of wearing animal skins.

https://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-asia/sumerian-king-list-still-puzzles-historians-after-more-century-research-001287 ]

After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug(Eridu).
In Eridug, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years.
Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years.
[ <--------- Can such passages be understood, more correctly interpreted , in the context of the existence of the Ancient Ethiopia sea-land power ?
------------

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08_10_2021.jpg

08_10_2021.jpg

Also, the layout of rooms in the Ain Dara Temple has a similarity to the Temple of Solomon described in the bible.

The ’Ain Dara temple and the Biblical Temple of King Solomon share very similar plans.
https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-sites/searching-for-the-temple-of-king-solomon/
 
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